Intermediate Reading Lesson #1 - The World

1. Read the text.
2. Answer the questions.
3. Check your answers.

Text

Earth, our home, is the third planet from the sun. It’s the only planet known to have an atmosphere containing free oxygen, oceans of water on its surface and, of course, life.

 

Earth is the fifth largest of the planets in the solar system. It’s smaller than the four gas giants — Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune — but larger than the three other rocky planets, Mercury, Mars and Venus.

 

Earth has a diameter of roughly 8,000 miles (13,000 kilometers) and is round because gravity pulls matter into a ball. But, it’s not perfectly round. Earth is really an “oblate spheroid,” because its spin causes it to be squashed at its poles and swollen at the equator.

 

Water covers roughly 71 percent of Earth’s surface, and most of that is in the oceans. About a fifth of Earth’s atmosphere consists of oxygen, produced by plants. While scientists have been studying our planet for centuries, much has been learned in recent decades by studying pictures of Earth from space.

  1. Earth is the ____ planet from the sun.
  2. Earth is the ____ largest planet.
  3. What is the diameter of the Earth?
  4. Is the Earth perfectly round?
  5. How much water covers the Earth’s surface?
  1. Third.
  2. Fifth.
  3. 8,000 miles / 13,000 kilometers
  4. No the Earth is not perfectly round.
  5. 71 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered by water.

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