Capital Letters

What are capital letters?

A capital letter (or uppercase letter) is a form of a letter which is normally bigger than the lowercase letter.

 

Examples:

C (capital letter) / c (lowercase letter)

F (capital letter) / f (lowercase letter)

M (capital letter) / m (lowercase letter)

 

The capital letters are in red and the lowercase letters are in black in the picture below.

If you haven’t learned about the alphabet yet, you can read this lesson here.

When should I use capital letters?

1. At the start of a sentence

Capital letters should be used at the start of sentences.

 

Examples:

He is going to the shop.

That’s the movie I watched last night.

What time does the next bus leave?

2. Names / proper nouns

Capital letters should be used when using someone’s name or talking about the name of a thing or place.  These are generally called proper nouns.

 

Examples:

Australia

John

Murdoch University

Star Wars

3. Abbreviations

Capital letters should be used in abbreviations.  An abbreviation is a short form of saying something which uses the first letter of each of the relevant words.
 

Examples:

ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

GPS (Global Positioning System)

USA (The United States of America)

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