Hey what’s up guys? My name is Shane and we are in the kitchen today because today’s lesson is all about fruit and vegetable vocabulary in English.
But before we get started, let’s talk about the difference between a fruit and a vegetable.
The easiest way to think about it is that fruits have seeds. Seeds are little round objects just like this and when you plant seeds in the ground a new plant will grow. So fruit has seeds but vegetables normally don’t have seeds.
For example, vegetables can be roots, leaves or stems. These parts of a plant don’t have any seeds.
Now please note that this is a general defintion of ‘fruit’ and ‘vegetable’. There are always exceptions to the rules.
Okay now we know what a ‘fruit’ is and what a ‘vegetable’ is. So let’s get started on the vocabulary for today. And make sure you watch until the end of the video because there will be a quiz to test your memory. Are you ready? Let’s get started!
These leaves here are called spinach. Spinach.
This long green thing here is called a cucumber. Cucumber.
This little white thing here is called a mushroom. Mushroom.
This big heavy vegetable here is called a red cabbage. Red cabbage. Cabbage. You can also call it a purple cabbage. Purple cabbage.
This is also a cabbage but it’s called a green cabbage. Green cabbage. Cabbage.
This here is called a sweet potato. Sweet potato. And note here with pronunciation, I don’t say ‘sweeT’. With that T sound, we stop the air from coming out. We say ‘sweet’. Sweet potato.
This here is called a potato. Potato. This yellow thing here is called a banana. Banana.
This beautiful red thing here is called a tomato. Tomato. This here is a carrot. Carrot. And note here with that final T sound, we stop the air from coming out. Carrot.
This green thing here which looks a little bit like a tree is called a broccoli. Broccoli. Note here with my accent I don’t say ‘broccOli’. I say ‘broccoli’.
Now when you pull a little piece of broccoli off, like this, this is called a floret. Floret.
This big white thing here is called a cauliflower. Cauliflower.
This here is called an onion. Onion.
This little thing here is called garlic. Garlic.
Now when you pull a little piece of garlic off, like this, this is called a clove of garlic. A clove of garlic.
This here is a capsicum. Capsicum. Capcisum. You can also call it a bell pepper. Bell pepper.
This is called corn. Corn.
This is called chili. Chili.
This is an apple. Apple.
This is a prune. Prune.
This is a mango. Mango.
This is a cantaloupe. Cantaloupe.
This is a watermelon. Watermelon. Note here with my accent I change that T sound to a D sound. Watermelon.
This is a pineapple. Pineapple. Note here how we join the ‘pine’ and the ‘apple’ together. We don’t say ‘pine apple’, we say ‘pineapple’. Pineapple.
These are grapes. Grapes. If there’s just one, we say ‘grape’. Grape.
This is a pear. Pear.
These are blueberries. Blueberries. If there was just one, we would say ‘blueberry’.
These are blackberries. Blackberries. If there was just one, we would say ‘blackberry’.
This is a strawberry. Strawberry.
This is a lemon. Lemon.
This is a lime. Lime.
This is an orange. Orange.
This here is called kiwifruit. Kiwifruit Kiwifruit.
Okay you have learned some fruit and vegetable vocabulary today so now let’s have a little quiz to see how much you remember. I will show you a fruit or a vegetable and I want you to tell me what it’s called.
Are you ready? Let’s go!
Number one. This is a sweet potato. Sweet potato.
This here is a red cabbage. Red cabbage. You can also call it a purple cabbage.
Number three. This is a broccoli. Broccoli.
Number four. This is a cucumber. Cucumber.
Number five. These little green leaves here are called spinach. Spinach.
Number six. This is called corn. Corn.
Number seven. This is a prune. Prune.
Number eight. This is a pear. Pear.
Number nine. This is a capsicum. Capsicum. You can also call it a bell pepper.
And last question. Question number ten. This is a kiwifruit. Kiwifruit.